West Virginia State
West Virginia is an eastern U.S. state in the tree-covered Appalachian Mountains. The town of Harpers Ferry, where the Shenandoah River meets the Potomac River, is the site of a famous Civil War–era raid. Surrounded by a national historical park, the town looks as it did in the 19th century, with many of the buildings open to the public as living-history museums.
State Capital: Charleston.
West Virginia state was admitted to the union in 1863 as the 35th state. A relatively small state, West Virginia shares a border with Pennsylvania to the north, Virginia, and Maryland to the east, Ohio to the northwest and Kentucky to the south west. The state capital of West Virginia is Charleston.
West Virginia has a nickname - the Mountain State. With an average land elevation of 1500 feet above sea level, West Virginia is the highest of any US states located on the east side of the Mississippi River. This is a region tied socially and economically to the mountains and rivers that enclose it on many side. Originally West Virginia was the northwestern part of Virginia, however the inhabitants refused the state's secession convention in 1861 and chosed to remain within the union. After 2 years, this area became a new state and its citizens chose their destiny in line with their long standing tradition of “Montani semperliberi” (“Mountaineers are always free”).
Compared to the national economic development, West virginia is relatively undeveloped in personal incomes and overall economic development. For several decades, the rich coal resources have propelled West Virginia as a leading producer of bituminous coal in North America. After World War 2, large numbers of West Virginia left for ther places offering better employment opportunities. In the 1970s, a turning point was mark for such outgoing migration after the decade's energy crisis and brought about a coal boom in West Virginia.
From the 1980s, the population loss in West virginia from the coal mines and manufacturing sector was offset by an incoming group of urban professionals and retiress. Over time, West Virginia has focused on education development, telecommunication and various strategies to create a more modern and relevant economy in West Virginia.
The Main Cities in West Virginia
Below are the top 10 largest cities in the state of West Virginia and the number of people inhabiting them according to the 2010 national census:
1. Charleston - 51,400
2. Huntington - 49,138
3. Parkersburg - 31,492
4. Morgantown - 29,660
5. Wheeling -28,486
Famous Landmarks in West Virginia
Below are some of West Virginia’s most visited landmarks:
-Completed in 1977, the 3,030-foot New River Gorge Bridge was the world's longest single-span steel arch bridge for years (it is now 4th longest). It's also one of the most photographed places in West Virginia and represents the state on the 2006 commemorative quarter. It also hosts Bridge Day, when it's open to pedestrians, abseilers, BASE jumpers and bungee jumpers for a day.
Tallest Buildings in West Virginia
Below are the tallest buildings in West Virginia:
-Like North Dakota, West Virginia’s tallest building is its state capitol. But it’s a very different building from the modern tower that stands in Bismarck. The West Virginia capitol, located in Charleston, was built in 1925 and is 292 feet tall while only including four floors.
1.West Virginia State Capitol (3 stories; 292 feet)
2. Kanawha Valley Building (22 stories; 265 feet)
3. Laidley Tower (22 stories; 255 feet)
4. BB&T Square (18 stories; 250 feet)
5. Bank One Centre (20 stories; 230 feet)
6. Huntington Square (17 stories; 207 feet)
7. Dow Chemical Building (14 stories; 206 feet)
8. United Center (12 stories; 205 feet)
9. Columbia Gas Transmission Building (13 stories; 200 feet)
10. AT&T Building (15 stories; 195 feet)
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